The Department of Agriculture has been created mainly to provide Agricultural Extension services to farmers and to transfer the latest technical knowledge to the farming community, introduction of high yielding varieties, laying demonstrations, imparting training to farmers to improve skills & knowledge to boost up the agricultural Production and productivity.
The other objectives of the Department are to assess requirements of agriculture inputs well in advance and to regulate their production and monitor timely supply of seeds, fertilizers and pesticides, implements, credit etc., to farmers.
The Department also performs the statutory functions under various acts and regulations (i.e., quality control) to ensure supply of quality inputs i.e., Seeds, Fertilizers and Pesticides to farmers and implementation of Dangerous Machines Regulation Act.
The Department also carries out certain other facilitating functions such as 1) soil testing 2) soil and water conservation 3) soil survey 4) credit assessment / arrangements 5) media production 6) training to farmers 7) arranging P.P. campaigns /Diagnostic team visits whenever necessary 8) monitoring and evaluation 9) disaster management 10) crop insurance 11) agricultural mechanisation 12) extending technical assistance to various agencies.
At the District level the Department is headed by Joint Director of Agriculture and assisted by DDAs ADAs and AOs at District, Division and Mandal levels
The Divisional ADA is the head of the Agriculture division and assisted by the agricultural officers at the mandal level. There are 10 divisions in the District
In all the 57 Rural and one Urban mandals of the District , one Agriculture Officer is working in each mandal. These AOs are assisted by 2-3 Agricultural Extension Officers in the field work Statement showing Sanctioned strength of Technical Staff in Agriculture Department is given below
|1||Jt. Directors of Agril||1|
|2||Dy. Directors of Agril|
|3||Asst.Directors of Agril|
|5||Agril. Extn Officers|
One Soil Testing Laboratory sand -1 Biological Control Laboratories has established in the District.
Farm Mechanization is one of the important elements of modernization of agriculture. Availability of mechanical power and improved equipment has enabled many developed countries in the world to achieve high levels of productivity.
Farm Mechanization involves judicious application of inputs by using agricultural implements/machinery, viz., hand tools, bullock drawn implements, tractor drawn implements and self propelled machines for performing various agricultural operations. It is meant to provide the technology to facilitate agriculture through efficient utilization of inputs and timeliness of operations besides reducing drudgery.
Depending on the types of crops grown, soil conditions, local situations and requirements in the Mandals , various farm machinery and implements will be distributed on 50% subsidy with ceiling maximum limitation to Rs. 45,000/- per unit, to accelerate the pace of Farm Mechanization in the District.
Annual crop losses due to pests in India amounts to Rs.90,000 crores, rejection of Indian Agriculture exports by overseas customers because of high pesticide residues amount to Rs.4,000 crores annually, health hazards due to chemical pesticides, deaths due to pesticide poisoning( 25,000-30,000 per year globally),development of incurable diseases like cancer and neurological disorders, presence of DDT residues in mothers milk, cases of suicides by farmers due to chemical pesticides are unable to control pests, resurgence of pests, out break of secondary pests etc., are of the scenario in Agriculture.
To mitigate the above scenario the Government of Andhra Pradesh has launched a programme namely POLAM BADI (Farmers Field School) in which emphasis has been given for use of eco-friendly measures(bio-agents and bio-pesticides ) for control of crop pests which in turn reduce cost of cultivation and improve the quality of produce, resulting high market price and good returns. It also leading less hazards to the living entity by not disturbing natural ecosystem.
It is programmed to take up training in the farmers fields on FFS model (Polam badi) in which farmers are being trained in observation, scanning and identification of insect pests, diseases & defenders and adoption of Integrated Crop Management techniques on important crops.
Integrated Crop Management is an approach to farming which aims to balance production with economic and environmental considerations by means of a combination of measures including crop rotation, cultivations, appropriate crop varieties and careful use of inputs.
ICM= INM+ IPM + Agronomic practices including farm mechanization.